The rapid advancement of technology has brought about an array of devices that allow individuals to monitor their heart rates. From smartwatches to dedicated heart monitors, people have access to a variety of tools that help them track their cardiac activities. However, what if this same capability could be seamlessly integrated into a pair of wireless earphones? Recently, a team of scientists at Google unveiled their groundbreaking research on Audioplethysmography (APG), a novel cardiac monitoring function designed specifically for active noise cancellation (ANC) headphones.
Utilizing the inherent features of ANC headphones, the APG technology utilizes advanced sensors to record heart rate data through low intensity ultrasound signals. The speakers of the headphones emit a probing ultrasound signal, while the on-board feedback microphones receive the echoes. The researchers discovered that heartbeats modulate the ultrasound echoes, which are influenced by the slight changes in ear canal volume caused by blood vessel deformations. This innovative approach allows ANC headphones to deliver precise and accurate records of users’ cardiac activities, even while they are engaged in physical activities, such as running, and listening to music.
In order to validate the effectiveness of APG, the scientists conducted an extensive eight-month-long field study involving 153 participants. This study aimed to assess the APG technology in various conditions. The research paper details the experimental design and the results obtained from the study. Additionally, Google’s internal Health Team, Product Team, User Experience (UX) Team, and Legal Team provided valuable feedback and reviewed the technology’s performance. This collaborative effort aims to continuously improve the APG technology, ensuring its accuracy, reliability, and user satisfaction.
The results of the study speak volumes about the potential of APG. The research paper states that APG achieves consistently high levels of accuracy in heart rate and interbeat interval (IBI) measurements. With a median error of only 3.21 percent in heart rate and 2.70 percent in IBI measurement accuracy across the 153 participants and various scenarios, APG proves to be a reliable and resilient technology. Moreover, the study’s UX evaluation demonstrates that APG performs well across different skin tones, sub-optimal seal conditions, and ear canal sizes.
While there is no specific timeline for widespread availability, the research paper emphasizes that future research will focus on optimizing the performance of APG in demanding mobile scenarios. Activities like hiking, weightlifting, boxing, and high-intensity interval training will be the subject of intense study to ensure that the technology maintains its high performance in such rigorous conditions. The ultimate goal is to refine the APG technology and make it accessible to a wider population, adding heart rate monitoring capabilities to all ANC headphones through simple software upgrades. Furthermore, with minimal impact on battery life, users can benefit from this incredible innovation while enjoying their favorite music and engaging in physical activities.
Google’s introduction of Audioplethysmography (APG) technology marks a significant milestone in cardiac monitoring. By integrating heart rate monitoring functionality into ANC headphones, individuals can effortlessly track their cardiac activities while still enjoying the benefits of wireless audio. The remarkable accuracy and resilience of APG, validated through rigorous testing, attest to its potential in revolutionizing the way we monitor our heart rates. As future research continues, we eagerly anticipate the widespread availability of this breakthrough technology and the positive impact it will have on our lives.