Exploring the New Moon Race: Why Countries Are Eager to Return

As Japan recently achieved a soft landing on the moon’s surface, it joined a small group of nations that have successfully accomplished this remarkable feat. The United States, Russia, China, and India are the other countries that have embarked on lunar missions. However, this exclusive club is expected to grow in the coming years. With over 100 planned lunar missions by 2030, both by governmental agencies and private enterprises, interest in the moon is at an all-time high. This article delves into the reasons behind countries’ ambitions to return to the moon and what the future holds for lunar exploration.

According to Michelle Hanlon, executive director at the Center for Air and Space Law at the University of Mississippi, the moon serves as a vital proving ground for humanity’s endeavors in space. By learning how to live and utilize space resources on the moon, we pave the way for further advancements and the potential to exploit the vast riches the universe holds. The moon acts as a stepping stone towards unlocking these treasures.

One of the primary motivations for countries and companies racing to return to the moon is the quest for valuable resources. Rare-earth metals, which are essential for various technological applications, are thought to be present on the lunar surface. Moreover, helium-3, although scarce on Earth, is abundant on the moon. This isotope holds the potential to power nuclear fusion reactors. While the practical implementation of this technology is still under investigation, it is believed that once achieved, helium-3 could provide energy to sustain the entire Earth for centuries.

The Significance of Water

Another critical resource that countries are after on the moon is water. Apart from being essential for human survival, water can also be used as rocket fuel. This means that the moon could potentially serve as a refueling station for rockets and a launching pad for further space exploration endeavors. Establishing a significant lunar presence has become a statement of a country’s political and economic prowess, as well as an indicator of who holds the upper hand in the geopolitical competition.

The competition for lunar dominance is not solely driven by the pursuit of resources. There is a growing belief that the moon holds significant resources that could benefit Earth or facilitate future space travel. As countries engage in a new moon race, they aim to gain a strategic edge by harnessing these resources. The moon is seen as a gateway to knowledge, wealth, and global influence.

With the ambitious plans and expectations for over 100 lunar missions by 2030, the moon is set to become a bustling hub of activity. Governments and private companies alike are driven by the desire to access rare resources such as rare-earth metals, helium-3, and water. Furthermore, the moon serves as a crucial testing ground for developing technologies and exploring the possibilities for long-term space habitation. As the world witnesses the emergence of a new moon race, the future of lunar exploration holds great promise for scientific advancement, resource utilization, and human endeavors beyond Earth’s boundaries.


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